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当前位置: 首页 > 新闻频道 > 操作使用 > 使用冲床冲压应注意的安全知识
使用冲床冲压应注意的安全知识
来源:中国数控机床网   发表时间:2018-11-6 10:05:00  浏览次数:
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据统计分析,在各类机械设备伤害的工伤事故中,冲床冲压设备所造成伤害的比例最大。由冲床冲压作业所发生的重伤事故,一般要占各种重伤事故总数的50%左右。因此,使用冲床冲压应注意的安全知识显得尤为重要。

According to statistics and analysis, in all kinds of industrial equipment injury accidents, punch press equipment has the largest proportion of injuries. The serious injury accidents caused by punching operations usually account for about 50% of the total number of serious injuries. Therefore, the safety knowledge that should be paid attention to in punching press is particularly important.

冲床冲压设备事故的主要原因

Main reasons for the accident of punching equipment in punching machine

冲床冲压设备多数以机械传动为主,其特点是行程速度快,每分钟几次到数百次。在目前依然有多数企业的冲压工序作业还采用手工操作并非采用全自动冲压机械手来操作。操作者在简单、频繁、连续重复作业的情况下,容易产生疲劳,一旦操作失误,放料不准,模具移位,都有可能发生冲断手指等伤害事故。

Most of the punching machines are mainly mechanical transmission, which is characterized by fast travel speed, several times to hundreds of times per minute. At present, most enterprises still use manual operation instead of automatic stamping manipulator. The operator is prone to fatigue in the case of simple, frequent and continuous operation. Once the operation is wrong, the material is not allowed and the mold is displaced, it is possible to break the finger and other injury accidents.

防止冲床冲压伤害的主要措施:

The main measures to prevent the punching damage of the punching machine:

1、改进工艺、模具和作业方式,实现人手模外作业,比如采用冲压机械手作业就可以避免这些问题。对于大批量生产作业,这些冲压机械手不仅能保障冲压作业员的安全,而且能大大提高生产效率,这是冲压技术的发展方向。小批量、多品种的冲压生产,当前难于实现自动化,妥善的办法是尽量采用安全、劳动强度较小、使用方便的工具,使操作更为安全。

1, improve the process, mold and operation mode to achieve manual operation outside the mold, such as the use of stamping manipulator can avoid these problems. For mass production operations, these punching manipulator can not only guarantee the safety of the punching operator, but also greatly improve the production efficiency. This is the development direction of stamping technology. The stamping production of small batch and variety is difficult to realize automation at present. The proper way is to use the tools of safety, less labor intensity and easy to use, so that the operation is more safe.

2、改造冲压设备,提高生产安全可靠性。目前许多陈旧冲压设备的操纵系统、电器控制系统存在很多不安全因素,若继续使用对应其进行技术改造,确保冲压设备的安全可靠性。

2, transformation of stamping equipment, improve production safety and reliability. At present, many old stamping equipment control system and electrical control system have many unsafe factors. If we continue to use the corresponding technical transformation to ensure the safety and reliability of the stamping equipment.

3、安装防护装置。由于生产批量小,在既不以实现自动化,又不能使用安全冲压工具的冲压作业中,必须安装安全防护装置,以防止由于操作失误而造成的伤害事故。

3. Installation of protective devices. Because of the small production volume, the safety protection device must be installed in the stamping operation which does not realize automation and can not use the safety stamping tool to prevent the damage caused by the operation error.

 

 
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